Immune Plasma Therapy Has Been Hope for Coronavirus Patients

Immune Plasma Therapy Has Been Hope for Coronavirus Patients


Worldwide, coronavirus cases have exceeded 35 million. New forms of treatment, vaccines and drugs are being developed against the rapidly ongoing epidemic. Immune plasma therapy, one of them, has become a hope for coronavirus patients. So what is immune plasma therapy? Under what conditions is it applied? We are in the news with all the details.


The Coronavirus that emerged in China first announced its name in December 2019 and started to spread in a short time. Since its emergence, vaccines and drug treatments have been developed to combat the epidemic. One of the methods recently announced for coronavirus , whose transmission process is very fast, was immune plasma therapy. This technique, which is used for the treatment of other diseases, is also applied to patients whose condition has worsened in the treatment of coronavirus.

What is Immune Plasma Therapy?


Immune plasma therapy is a technique recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) in the past outbreaks of Sars, Mers and Ebola. Patients who have caught and survived coronavirus have proteins and antibodies against the virus in their blood. These accumulate in the blood plasma in the yellow fluid called "serum". Blood plasmas taken from these patients with plasma therapy are injected into patients whose condition is aggravated.

Donation is Made Using the Apheresis Method


In immune plasma treatment, blood is taken from the person who has been infected with the virus and has overcome the disease. This process is chosen among volunteers. With the method called apheresis , the blood plasma of the donor patient is transferred to the infected patient.

The apheresis method is like a normal blood process and is completed in 45 to 60 minutes. Donated blood components are collected by the Red Crescent . Proteins and antibodies found in blood plasma are used in severe case patients.

At what interval is the donation made and how does the process work?


For immune plasma donation , donation can be made within a minimum of 14 days and a maximum of 3 months. The donor can deliver a maximum of 1800 ml of blood plasma within thirty days. Donations are accepted 3 times within a month based on the date of the first donation.

Patients recovering with the diagnosis of coronavirus are shared with the Turkish Red Crescent with the permission of the Ministry of Health . Candidates contacted are directed to blood centers by appointment. Appropriate blood plasmas are injected into severe cases with the blood demand system of the Red Crescent and hospitals.

What Are The Conditions To Become A Donor?


For plasma donation, it is examined whether the volunteer candidate has a disease or not. Volunteer donors must be between 18 and 60 years old. After recovery, at least 14 days should pass and the Covid-19 test should be negative. The donor woman should not have had an abortion or miscarriage. In addition, donations of pregnant women are not accepted. The apheresis method is risk-free and has no danger.

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